5 Powerful Phlebotomy Tips for Success
Phlebotomy is a simple medical procedure of collecting blood specimen from a human body. The procedure refers to incision or puncture in the superficial skin layers and external layer of the underlying veins to collect circulating blood.
Significance of Phlebotomy in Medical Science
Blood is one of the most significant specimen for it’s diagnostic values. 10 ml blood can help a health professional create a complete health profile of the donor. And the best part is, phlebotomy is a minimally invasive procedure with varieties of applications in medical sciences.
While proceeding with phlebotomy procedure, the phlebotomist should follow the standard guideline and operate the process without any significant complain from the donor’s end. Here, are some effective phlebotomy tips that should assist the new phlebotomists to learn about an ideal protocol of this medical procedure.
1. locating the suitable vein requires comprehensive knowledge on human anatomy
Three veins in the cubital fossa are considered as most preferable phlebotomy sites. These veins are Median cubital vein, Basilic vein and cephalic vein. The veins are located in front of the elbow joint, just under the superficial layers of skin. Anyone can easily locate these veins and due to the thinness of the superficial skin here it’s very easy to insert a needle and suck blood. You can only master phlebotomy when you have learned the basic anatomy and physiology of the human body.
2. Collecting the specimen: the phlebotomy operation tips
Collecting blood is a fast and simple procedure for the patients. You have to make sure that you are following the right track. You must go slow and steady. You have to measure the blood pressure, assess and inspect the physiological condition of the donor at a glance. You should be in a relaxed mood during this procedure. You must remember one thing, if you fail to collect the specimen at your first attempt, you cannot puncture on the same site. And puncturing twice may get the patient panicked.
3. Taking proper safety precautions during and after phlebotomy
Once you invade the intact skin with needles, the internal tissues are exposed to nature. This raises the vulnerability of your patient. You must take proper care of hygiene, sterilization and disinfection. You should disinfect the skin prior to this procedure. You should be using disposable sterile syringe to suck the blood. The amount of blood shouldn’t exceed the recommended level.
At the same time, you should collect the amount of blood the pathologists and laboratory technicians will need to prepare the requested profile. Once you are done with the procedure, stickup a band-aid to cover the skin and prevent invasion of any microorganism thereafter.
4. Counseling patients and their family members
Before you practice any medical procedure, you should inform, explain and take consent from the patient. You must be careful about proper counseling to the patient. You can suggest him about the best way to relax the muscles and reduce anxieties. At the same time, you also need to convince the family members accompanying the patient. Counseling is an art you can master through practical experiences for some time.
5. Warning about the potential side effects and dietary suggestions
The patient should be notified about the side effects that might occur. As a phlebotomist, it’s your duty to explain things like fatigue, weakness and hypersensitivity reaction to the patient after collecting the specimen. You should also tell the patient about drinking more water for a week and take foods rich in protein and iron.
Phlebotomy is a routine procedure and doesn’t initiate medical emergencies at all. However, things can definitely go wrong if you fail to take proper care of the entire operation. The 5 powerful phlebotomy tips for success you’ve learned here will definitely help you avoid the accidents and unwanted occurrences. Having the proper phlebotomy training under your belt is also a huge plus and can greatly skyrocket your career.