Phlebotomy Information and History
When it comes to phlebotomy information and history, you will understand that there is so much to this action. Phlebotomy can mean two things. First of all, it is the act of obtaining blood from a person’s body through a cut or puncture on the skin which is later on used as a sample for the diagnosis of a certain illness or is also donated to people who have blood deficiency. The same is also the process used to cure certain medical conditions whereby blood is extracted from the body. Medical conditions such as polycythemia vera elevate the red blood cell volume. Other conditions are also treated in this form, like diseases that make iron levels in the body to rise to harmful levels like hepatitis B and C plus also pulmonary edema which is a medical condition whereby an individual has fluids in the lungs.
The history of phlebotomy goes a long way back into the ancient times. During that period, it was thought that this process was capable of curing the body of any form of the disease. However, it was later realized that someone that’s bleeding can not be subjected to this form of treatment. This was why the procedure was soon discouraged.
The process is practiced in three different ways. Venesection, cupping and leeches.
This is the most common method used since time immemorial. A sharp instrument that was similar to a lancet was used to prick the veins so that blood would flow out. In old times, this was thought to get rid of the bad blood that made someone ill. It was used to relieve someone of fever or to make a delivering mother unconscious for the birth of her child. This method was not appreciated by many as it resulted to scars as the area healed.
This method involved placing a heated glass on the sick person’s back. It helped to bring blood capillaries to the skin as it created a suction force when cooling. A spring box, which has multiple blades, was then used to cut these capillaries so that blood would flow out profusely.
During the olden days, people applied leeches to expel blood as they believed that it prevented certain deceases. Recently, they are still put to use but in specific situations like when an injury results to blood pooling around it. This usually causes so much pain; hence a leech is placed to absorb that blood. Leeches overflow rapidly, and this may need you to change to another.
During the 19th century, people became more aware of phlebotomy, and they also realized that it did not cure all diseases. They also knew this as they found out about the availability of disease causing microorganisms. This is what has now resulted to blood removal for diagnostic purposes/donation. Nowadays, the process is purely done by qualified medical physicians using the right equipment which does not cause scarring. The needle is what is used to get to the blood veins or capillaries.